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Stejarii residential club
SCHOOL POLICIES
First Aid Policy

This policy is to ensure that there is adequate First Aid provision for children, staff, and visitors to the Nursery.

 First Aid is the emergency care given to an injured person before professional medical care or an ambulance is available.

Aims

· Clear identification of staff who are First Aid Trained.

· Clear First Aid procedure

Hygiene Procedures

Staff must wear gloves when dealing with accidents involving spillage of bodily fluids.

Information for staff

Þ The First Aid box is located in the Medical Office

Þ If you are not sure what to do—ASK! Or pass the child on to someone else

Þ Who to ask—The Nurse, The Head

Þ As  soon as possible afterwards, put all details in the Incident book

Þ If something is missing from the first aid box or you are using the last one—inform the office

Common incidents:

Bumps: apply ice covered in a dry cloth directly to the bump

Cut lip: Pour sugar onto the lip. This will soak up the blood so you can see the injury and distract the child

Grazes: will be tender so gently try to wash with sterile water or wipe

Cuts: minor cuts, clean and apply plaster. Serious cut, hold together with sterile dressing until the child can be taken for treatment

Decide if the parent needs to be called immediately or informed on collection. Parents will be called for all head bumps.

 

How to treat

                                              Cuts and Grazes

· Stop the bleeding

· Stop any bleeding before applying a dressing to the wound. Apply pressure to the area using a clean and dry absorbent material – such as a bandage, towel or handkerchief – for several minutes.

· If the cut is to a hand or arm, raise it above the head to help reduce the flow of blood.

· If the injury is to a lower limb, lie child down and raise the affected area above the level of the heart.

· Clean the wound and apply a dressing

· When the wound has stopped bleeding, clean it and cover it with a dressing to help stop it becoming infected.

To do this:

· wash and dry your hands thoroughly

· clean the wound under drinking-quality running tap water – avoid using antiseptic as it may damage the skin and slow healing

· pat the area dry with a clean towel

· apply a sterile adhesive dressing, such as a plaster 

 

How to treat

Minor Head Injuries

Minor head injuries are common and rarely result in any permanent brain damage.

With a knock, bump or blow to the head, sit child down, comfort them, and make sure they rest. You can hold a cold compress to their head – try a bag of ice or frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel.

The symptoms of a minor head injury are usually mild and short-lived. They may include:

· a mild headache

· nausea (feeling sick)

· mild dizzines

· mild blurred vision

If the symptoms get significantly worse, call parent or call for an ambulance.

What to look out for

Signs of a brain injury after a head injury include:

· unconsciousness – either brief (concussion) or for a longer period of time

· fits or seizures

· problems with the senses – such as hearing loss or double vision

· repeated vomiting

· blood or clear fluid coming from the ears or nose

· memory loss (amnesia)

If any of these symptoms occur after a head injury, immediately call for an ambulance

 

How to treat

Burns and Scalds

Appropriate first aid must be used to treat any burns or scalds as soon as possible. This will limit the amount of damage to your skin.

First aid for burns

· Stop the burning process as soon as possible. This may mean removing the person from the area, dousing flames with water, or smothering flames with a blanket. Don't put yourself at risk of getting burnt as well.

 

· Remove any clothing or jewellery near the burnt area of skin, including babies' nappies. However, don't try to remove anything that's stuck to the burnt skin as this could cause more damage.

 

· Cool the burn with cool or lukewarm running water for 20 minutes, as soon as possible after the injury. Never use ice, iced water, or any creams or greasy substances such as butter.

 

· Keep the child warm. Use a blanket or layers of clothing, but avoid putting them on the injured area. Keeping warm will prevent hypothermia, where a person's body temperature drops below 35C (95F). This is a risk if you are cooling a large burnt area, particularly in young children.

 

· Cover the burn with cling film. Put the cling film in a layer over the burn, rather than wrapping it around a limb. A clean clear plastic bag can be used for burns on hands.

· Treat the pain from a burn with paracetamol or ibuprofen. Always check the manufacturer's instructions when using over-the-counter medication. Children under 16 years of age should not be given aspirin.

· Monitor for signs of shock

· Sit upright as much as possible if the face or eyes are burnt. Avoid lying down for as long as possible as this will help to reduce swelling.

 

Seek medical help.